Monday, December 21, 2009

Tanaman organik dari laman Anda

Bendi adalah sejenis tanaman sayuran buah yang berlendir. Enak dimasak bersama kari mahupun digoreng biasa.

Mempunyai bunga yang cantik berwarna kuning. Bunga yang kembang mekar di tengah2nya terdapat sedikit warna merah hanya bertahan untuk tempoh setengah hari. Kudupan bunga yang jatuh dan seterusnya akan menghasilkan buah.

Buah yang sudah boleh dipetik beranggaran 10-12cm panjang. Ketika ini hujung buah masih lembut, hujung rapuh dan mudah untuk dipatahkan. Potong buah 2cm dari tangkainya, sekiranya tercedera lendir yang keluar akan merosakkan mutu buah.

Buah yang sudah berpulur seperti di atas, sudah tidak boleh dimakan. Buah yang sudah tua dan berpulur seakan bersabut isinya, elok dibiarkan kering di pokok untuk dijadikan anak benih. Pokok bendi amat mudah ditanam kerana kurang diserang penyakit mahupun perosak. Kebiasaannya di taman2 perumahan ramai yang menanam pokok sayuran ini sebagai laman dapur.

Panduan Menanam Bendi

Tanam biji benih sedalam anggaran 2.5cm di batas. Selubang masukkan 2biji benih. Pastikan jarak tanaman dalam anggaran 80-90cm dan selepas 2minggu cabutlah satu pokok yang kurang subur. Contoh rajah seperti di bawah.

Gambar anak benih bendi.

Orkidku yang sakit

Orkid mempunyai begitu ramai pengikut. Tapi bagi yang baru mengenali hobi ini menjadi satu kerumitan untuk menghadapi dan merawat penyakit-penyakit akibat dari serangan kulat terhadap pokok-pokok orkid ini. Seringkali pokok ini akan mati begitu saja, dan akan digantikan dengan yang baru.

Orkid ini adalah dari jenis Phalaenopsis. Orkid ini telah diserang kulat dan mendapat penyakit bintik hitam pada bunga. Kebiasannya bintik-bintik hitam ini diakibatkan daripada serangan kulat ataupun air hujan yang telah tercemar. Mungkin kerana keadaan hujan yang agak berterusan ketika ini, persekitaran terlalu lembab antara punca penyakit ini.

Antara langkah-langkah yang boleh diambil untuk merawat penyakit terhadap pokok orkid ini, kurangkan penyiraman air ketika cuaca lembab dan penyemburan racun kulat secara berkala perlu untuk rawatan awal.

Sunday, December 13, 2009

Common weed in Malaysia-Asystasia

Recently I visited my customer’s oil palm land in Yong Peng where he just completed his replanting.

While I walked in the field and noticed that the field full with “unfriendly” weed in this oil palm land. Asystasia is one of them and below photo is how this weed look like.

I abstract some information from “Common weeds of Malaysia and their control” by David E. Barnes & Luz G. Chan.

The weed is categorized under broadleaved weeds and usually planter called this weed as Asystasia (please bear in mind that the “A” of Asystasia should be in capital). However, if you give instruction to estate workers then you should named as “Akar ruas-ruas or Pengorak” (Malay name). The scientific name is Asystasia intrusa BI.

According to the writers, Asystasia has been distributed in Malaysia. Previously confined to South and central Johor (This statement is correct because Yong Peng in the central of Johor) but has spread to Negeri Sembilan, Selangor, West Pahang, Kedah and Kelantan. ( I will verify this statement when I travel to these states)

Usually the habitat of Asystasia in open situations especially during replanting periods such like my clients field.

This is what we means in open space where sunlight can penetrate to the ground surface and Asystasia love this kind of habitat. From this photo, you are also able to identify small spot white flower along the field road and there is Asystasia.

My client is no a professional planter and most the duty were carried out by the contractors with minimum supervision. I can categorized the field in poor management. Most planter aware that Asystasia is a prolific and competitive weed (above photo shows the evidence). It reported that dense growth was competitive to oil palm and removal of the weed resulted in 12% increase in fresh fruit bunch (FFB) production. Asystasia has high demand for nutrients particularly in N & P.

Method of control

1. The book recommend Dasatox F at 40ml (based on 18 litres spray solution). If no mistaken this product no available since I was a planter in year 1998. Usually we will use amine with 1-2mm of 18 litres spray solution. Please take note of this dosage is 1-2mm only. If you overdose the chemical, within a few hours, you are able to see the stem of Asystasia weed will blend down and subsequently dry off. Even this is fast action but your manager will jump on you because amine is a strong chemical which is harm to young palm especially just nearly planted. I can tell you the result because I tested before when I was a young planter.

How to identify the weed

The are 3 methods to identify this weed

1. Stem - soft, can grow to height of 100cm under favorable conditions
2. Leaves - opposite, often equal pairs, elliptical, rounded at the base
3. Inflorescence - terminal, numerous; single flower with small, narrow free sepals, creamy white, an indigo-blue patch on keel petal; corolla tube narrow, cylindrical, expanded above; stamens four in unequal pairs from corolla-tube, arched on the pistil.

Sunday, September 27, 2009

Cat fish demand

This raya when I back to Kluang, Johor.  There is new business created by my brother-in-laws. Ikan keli or cat fish. According to them, there are a lot of people look for cat fish in the market.

This batch of cat fish is just one months old. Initially, they bought the baby fish by RM0.18 from local people but later they bough from Pahang supplier by RM 0.12 per fish which is cheaper by RM0.06.
When I check in the website, the rate for 2" cost RM0.10 and 3" cost RM0.12.

The batch of cat fish is 3 months old and anothers 1-2 months can be marketed.

They are using canvas for this purpose

My danish work very hard to do the feeding

They are cleaning the cat fish

Cat fish in canvas

Kluang cat fish

Cleaning the fish

Sunday, July 5, 2009

Creative tool in oil palm plantation

Recently, I found a creative tool in one of the estates in Kemayan, Pahang. I can recall when I was in Sg. Jernih Estate, Kerling, Selangor. My workers used to ask me to buy this tool when they did FFB (Fresh fruit bunch) collection in the field.

During my time as senior assistant in 2003, all the loose fruits in the platform needed to collect with the FFB. I told all the harvesters that if the loose fruit no being collected then their wages will drop due to the weight of loose fruit. I always brain wash my harvesters that I was no selling FFB but I was selling oil content from FFB. I need fresh loose fruit and high quality FFB to enable me to gain higher OER.

This is the tool I saw in this estate and it was created from 20 little chemical drum.

This is creative and cheap “invention” without incur additional cost to the estate. I remember that I was using bamboo bucket and normally the bamboo bucket is easily damage due to the rough movement during upload FFB and loose fruit collection. Nearly every month, I need to buy 2 bamboo buckets from Tanjung Malim hardware shop.

There are two types of buckets in the market- plastic and bamboo. I had tested both materials and finally my workers referred to bamboo bucket because it more rough than plastic bucket.

Look at the scoop where it is the handle for the chemical drum. I never think about this when I was in plantation.

The scoop looks simple but it really creative in loose fruit collection. My worker, Jono & Dono also had created a scoop from un-use aluminum harvesting pole. The aluminum portion will be reacting as scoop and the handle is made from wood. The aluminum part is no flat like the above invention but the pattern like a comb where the dash will not be collected during upload the loose fruit from platform.

Thursday, April 23, 2009

Old friends from Paloh, Johor

Yesterday, I drop by at Paloh Town to meet some of my old friends.

The Nam Lee coffee shop owner. According to him, he already not want to retire, the moment he still can walk...he still want to work until the last day. However, he close the shop a bit early than previuosly. 4 o'clock he will shut down the coffee shop.

We (KLK group) used to come here for evening drink during I was in Paloh.

This is Ah Loh's son. 20 year......can marry already. I still remember his father used to bring him to my estate/office. During that period, he still a teenage, thin and short. But now he is taller and stronger than me.

Ah Loh.....Replanting contractor. Most of the relanting work in Kekayaan is carried out him. hardworking and reable man.