Monday, October 13, 2008

Information regarding POME

The process of extracting CPO from fresh fruit bunches (FFB) requires a significant amount of water to sterilize the FFB and cleanse the pressed CPO.

About 1.5 tonnes of water are required to process each tonne of FFB. More than 50% of this ends up as waste water, commonly referred to as palm oil effluent (POME).

POME consists of 95-96% water, 0.6-0.7% oil and 4-5% total solids. Due to the high content of biodegradable organic matter, it is a potential source of pollutants.

In Malaysia, POME and other environment wastes are regulated by the Environmental Quality Order 1977 and Environmental Quality Regulations 1977, under the Environmental Quality Act 1974.

The most common POME treatment system in Malaysia is biological treatment via a combination of anaerobic, facultative and aerobic open-pond system.

The biogas produced by anaerobic digestion contains 60-70% methane gas, 30-40% carbon dioxide, and a trace of hydrogen sulphide.

Source : Bell group

Wednesday, August 6, 2008

Wild bitter gourd

What do you see on the above photo? Yes, there are many kinds of weeds surrounding the palm and one of them is wild bitter gourd.

Where is the wild bitter gourd if you have not seemed before? Wild bitter gourd is one species of creeper and this plant is trying to creep to the palm as shown on above photo.
Let us see how the wild bitter gourd looks like.

This is wild bitter gourd’s leave and the shape like a ‘star’. This creeper looks soft but it creates havoc to planter. I still remember when I was a planter, we spend quite a lot of effort to tackle this plant to avoid it creep our palm. Do you know what happen when wild bitter gourd able to creep the palm. You totally cannot see the oil palm if you do not take immediately action on it. Imaging how the harvester can harvest if you cannot see the palm.

This is wild bitter gourd’s white yellowish flower.

This is wild bitter gourd’s fruit where it is mature to ‘explode’. The shape of wild bitter gourd is rounded compare with the bitter gourd in the market.

Wild bitter gourd can be used to cure diabetes but seldom people are practicing it because the bitter taste. I used to cook with egg and Indian society like to fry it and it taste good.

I still remember chairman’s son asked me could the wild bitter gourd be eaten. I told him yes and instructed my worker to prepare for his dinner. Do you what he told me on the following day. “Lai, I never taste bitter gourd before and yesterday cook is really good.”

This is when the wild bitter gourd’s fruit ‘explode’. Can you see the red seed? This is why the wild bitter gourd germination rate is very fast. We did a survey on the growth of wild bitter gourd and the result shows that the wild bitter gourd can germinate within 22 days. This is a short period and it means we need to spray every month to make sure this creeper does not attach your palm. If in high rainfall period then you can image how fast this plant can grow.

How to control?

We had tested many chemical. One of them is using ‘Stane’ but the cost is not cheap.

Subsequently, we found out that if you maintenance the circle wide enough then it may help you. Increase the circle spray round if possible.

Tuesday, August 5, 2008

Boron Deficiency

Read this document on Scribd: Boron Deficiency

Sunday, July 20, 2008

Important of Grant title for Oil palm small holder

Recently, one of my customers is chasing me for QT. He said he wants to do replanting for his oil palm plantation. I also wonder why he chases me for QT because he can do without waiting me for QT. I met him on the following week and realized that how important of title to this small holder.

What is QT? QT stands for qualify title or in layman term it call by temporary grant. Every land or property needs a title. This piece of paper content of ownership information, lot number, area and the most important is annual tax. With this piece of paper, you can get loan from bank or do any trading such as sell or buy property.

Similarly to my customer, he wants QT to apply subsidy from RISDA. I think this subsidy are not aware by many small holders either your land planted with oil palm or rubber. You are entitled with government subsidy. The amount is no small and it really can assist you when you do replanting where replanting cost is huge.

The other information I need to share is when you are sharing a title with somebody. You do not have the right to sell or borrow loan from bank and also apply in RISDA application. This is normal problem face by small holders, they used to blame government and complaint that government can not give them grant.

If you have this problem, please do not worry and there is a solution to get your own title. The process is call partition survey where the title split into number of lot accordingly to the application. Please bear in mind that this application only can be carried out by Licensed Land Surveyor.

I wish my article is useful to the entire small holder.


  1. Apply RISDA subsidy when replanting
  2. Get the QT for the application
  3. The title should be your own name
  4. Sharing title is no allowed
  5. Get Licensed Land Surveyor to assist

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Sunday, May 11, 2008

My former staff

Glad to meet my former staff in Negeri Sembilan

Worm product is a website that using worm to generate income.

Tuesday, May 6, 2008

Nasty estate boy

I still remember this nasty indian boy-Kumar. 10 years ago when I met him he still a boy but today he is a father for 2 children.

My ex-worker

I never expect I will see again my ex-worker on yesterday. I still remember 8 years ago I took them from KLIA with a simple luggage and today he is able to drive the mini tractor.

Back to my first operating centre in Johor

My former AP -Salleh & Alifin on duty at the gate. Glad to see them again

Sunday, March 30, 2008

Extenal transport

After the lorry driver load the FFB into lorry, he need to weight at the weight bridge.

Last week, one of my planter's friend told me that one tonne of FFB can sale by RM800. Wah...great income. Thus, security in transporting either in internal or external, the management should enforse high security system to ensure all the FFB crop is safe during transportation to mill.

Tuesday, March 4, 2008

Oil palm yield

Yesterday I read an article regarding oil palm yield compare with others crop and noticed that oil palm can produce average oil by 3.74 ton/ha/year.
This is why a lot of foreign countries try to plant this crop around Malaysia & Indonesia. Today, a lot of oil palm smaller holder are smiling because average per ton, they can able to earn is around RM700/ton. What a great income to malaysian. Thus, learn how to plant oil palm to gain the tredemous income.

Wednesday, January 9, 2008

My gardener

This is my gardener when I was in Sg Jernih Estate. I can say that Sarawathy (her name but I used to greet her as "Achi", "Achi" means aunty in Tamil language) is a hardworking woman I have seen in my life.
Her husband left her with a daughter but as a mother, she believed that she can survive if she work hard.
Even though, she greet me as "aya" (estate worker need to solute the officer as sir) but I treat her as part of my family. I understand that she need more money to support her daughter. Thus, as a top management, I will give her a lot work that she can earn. She never refuse my work and always work in neat. she is the best worker in my life as planter.


office compound

"Wah"....start implemented OSHA. Good!"

Havester need to use safety helwet when do harvesting

" Who harvest the fruit !!!!!"

Need more education in harvesting


Front view of my ex-bungalow

Monkey used to visit me on weekend and give me morning call. I used to chase them by "parang". Interupt me to rest.

My gardener used to plant chili or vegetable at here

Part of office view

Poor palm

This is one type of palm I brought from Johor year 2004 and planted at January 2005. What happen to my palm? Feel sorry to this palm. I should bring "her" together rather suffer at here.

The palm lack of nutrian....please help her. :(

Condition field 99

Park the jeep at swamp area

vacant land

The palm is growing

No bad

Back to my former operating centre

Finally, KTM station reaches at Rasa cowboy town

One of the trailer park below my ex-bungalow

Semi-D for staff

Field 99 finally start yielding

Part of field 99